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Modern Life
  • Modern Life

  • French and Swedish Art in the 19th century

The years between the French Revolution in 1789 and the outbreak of the First World War in 1914 were a turbulent time. Wars and uprisings were succeeded by political reforms and emerging democracy. Society was also being transformed by new technology. Factories and railways were built, and people were moving to the cities from the countryside. The Eiffel Tower was erected in Paris in 1889, as a monument to the new France.

These changes led to different perspectives on mankind and society. Commerce and nightlife blossomed in the cities, while the people there began to long for nature and life far from the bustle and clamour. All these factors influenced art, and art in turn contributed to shaping society.

In all the arts old traditions were replaced by new ways of interpreting the era. Realism, plein-air painting and impressionism were innovative expressions in painting. The applied arts and the crafts industry reinvented traditional designs and took inspiration from nature. Photography and film made their way into French culture.

This presentation looks at all these changes, and uses works from the Nationalmuseum collection to tell the story of how the modern era was born in France in the 19th century.

In the late 19th century, many Swedish artists were drawn to France. Their links with the French art scene were to have a crucial impact on the oeuvres of many Swedish painters, sculptors and craftsmen, and this is why they are also included in this tour.

Objects
Un Patron or The lesson of the Apprentice
The Poster
  • The Poster

  • Oil on panel
  • Dimensions: (h x b) 22,5 x 16 cm
    Frame: (h x b x dj) 45 x 40 x 7 cm
  • Artist: Johan Fredrik Höckert, Swedish, born 1826, dead 1866
  • NM 6817
A Parisian Lady
  • A Parisian Lady

  • Oil on canvas
  • Dimensions: (h x b) 192 x 125 cm
    Frame: (h x b x dj) 227 x 160 x 13 cm
  • Artist: Édouard Manet, French, born 1832, dead 1883
  • NM 2068
Three Russian Dancers
  • Three Russian Dancers

  • Pastel on paper mounted on cardboard
  • Dimensions: (h x b) 62 x 67 cm
    Frame: (h x b x dj) 74 x 78 x 5 cm
  • Artist: Edgar Degas, French, born 1834, dead 1917
  • NMB 380
Nude study for the Dressed Ballet Dancer
Troupe de Mlle Églantine
Wild Cat
  • Wild Cat

  • Oil on canvas
  • Dimensions: (h x b) 46 x 56 cm
  • Sign. 1850
  • Artist: Rosa Bonheur, French, born 1822, dead 1899
  • NM 2911
Omnibus I
  • Omnibus I

  • Oil on canvas
  • Dimensions: (h x b) 99,5 x 66 cm
    Frame: (h x b x dj) 114 x 79 x 7 cm
  • Sign. 1895 or 1892
  • Artist: Anders Zorn, Swedish, born 1860-02-18, dead 1920-08-22
  • NM 6810
Interior of a Studio in Paris
La Grenouillère
  • La Grenouillère

  • Oil on canvas
  • Dimensions: (h x b) 66,5 x 81 cm
    Frame: (h x b x dj) 84 x 99 x 8 cm
  • Artist: Auguste Renoir, French, born 1841, dead 1919
  • NM 2425
In the Bois de Boulogne
Summer Landscape near Fontainebleau
Vase decorated with Poppy
Urna med hänklar i form av grenverk
Cabinet
  • Cabinet

  • Skåp, dekorerat. Råglasdörrarna är infattade i bronsram. Nyckelbeslag och handtag av brons
  • Dimensions: (h x b x dj) 265 x 215 x 51 cm
  • Manufactured c. 1900
  • Design: Eugène Gaillard, French, born 1862-01-31, dead 1933
  • NMK 796/1950